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The American Revolution Unit Study

The American Revolution Unit Study Submitted by JoAnn S.

GradeRange: 3rd – 9th

Library List:
Read Aloud:
The American Revolution for Kids: A History with 21 Activities (For Kids series) by Janis Herbert
Benjamin Franklin’s Adventures With Electricity (Science Stories Series) by Beverley Birch
George Washington and the Founding of A Nation by Albert Marrin
John Paul Jones, Fighting Sailor (Landmark Books) by Armstrong Sperry
Nathan Hale (Revolutionary War Leaders) by Loree Lough
Traitor: the Case of Benedict Arnold (Unforgettable Americans) by Jean Fritz
John Adams and the American Revolution by Catherine Drinker Bowen
The Boys of 76: A History of the Battles of the Revolution (Classic Reprint) by Charles Carleton Coffin
The American Revolution (The American Adventure Series 11) by Joann A. Grote
Early Thunder by Jean Fritz
Annie Henry and the Secret Mission (Book 1) (Adventures in the American Revolution) by Susan Olasky

3rd – 5th:
Benjamin Franklin: Young Printer (Childhood of Famous Americans) by Augusta Stevenson
George Washington: Soldier, Hero, President
by Justine Fontes
Silver for General Washington : A Story of Valley Forge by Enid LaMonte Meadowcroft
Revolutionary War on Wednesday (Magic Tree House (R)) by Mary Pope Osborne
8th-9th:
The Autobiography of Benjamin Franklin (Dover Thrift Editions)
Leader by Destiny by Jeanette Eaton
The Spy (Penguin Classics)by James Fenimore Cooper
Yankee Doodle Boy: A Young Soldier’s Adventures in the American Revolution by Joseph Plumb Martin
6th-7th:
Benjamin Franklin (The American Revolution Biographies) by Susan R. Gregson
Leader by Destiny by Jeanette Eaton
Guns for General Washington: A Story of the American Revolution (Great Episodes) by Seymour Reit
Ethan Allen and the Green Mountain Boys (Landmark Books No. 66) by Slater Brown
Books for all to read:
King George III: English Monarch (Revolutionary War Leaders) by Ann Gaines
Lafayette: French Freedom Fighter (Revolutionary War Leaders) by Joann A. Grote
Lord Cornwallis (Rwl) (Revolutionary War Leaders) by Daniel E. Harmon
America’s Paul Revere by Esther Forbes
Boston Revolts! (The American Adventure Series 9) by Chelsea House Publishers (1999-12-02) by Susan Martins Miller
The Boston Massacre (American Adventure (Barbour)) by Susan Martins Miller
The Winter of Red Snow: The Revolutionary War Diary of Abigail Jane Stewart, Valley Forge, Pennsylvania, 1777 (Dear America) by Kristiana Gregory

This unit contains Reading, Writing, Grammar, Handwriting, Art, Some Science, and Some Math, Life skills, and of course History and Geography.

Each child will be supplied with events sheets, biography sheets, timeline figures

Vocabulary words – revolution, boycott, tax, Parliament, colony, colonist, redcoats, smugglers, massacre, settlements, law, threatened, casualty, artillery, barrage, musket, burgess, cartridge, frigate, galley, continental, Confederation, Garrison, haversack, Hessians, militia, monarchy, Whigs, repeal, privateer, volley, veto, tyranny, protest, delegate, unanimously, intolerable, ciphers, apprentice, minutemen, ammunition, harbor, port, siege, bombardment, repel, interpreter, maneuvers, regiment, bayonet, haversack, tinderbox, amputated, fortification, * this will count as part Language arts

Events to record
Stamp Act
Quartering Act
The Navigation Acts
The Parson’s Cause
Sugar Act
Currency Act
The Boston Massacre
The Boston Tea Party
The Townshend Act
Declaratory Act
Boston Port Bill
Battles of Lexington and Concord
Battle of Bunker Hill
American Post Office
Common Sense
Declaration of Independence
Crossing the Delaware River
The making of the American Flag
When French helped with war
Battle of Savannah
Battle of Cowpens
Surrender at Yorktown
Treaty of Paris
Proclamation Line
Right of the British colonies asserted and proved
Olive Branch Petition
Declaration on the causes and necessity of taking up arms
Record a brief description of these events, when they happened, how they affected the war, and any thought you have about the event

People to record

Thomas Jefferson
Thomas Paine
Abigail Adams
Betsy Ross
Nathaniel Greene
General Anthony Wayne
Ethan Allen
Francis Marion
George Rogers Clark
Molly Pitcher
John Hancock
Thaddeus Kosciusko
John Quincy
Benjamin West
Martha Washington
Samuel Adams
Caesar Rodney
General Thomas Gage
James Otis
John Burgoyne
Charles Townshend
John Dickinson
George Rogers Clark
General Sir Henry Clinton
Horatio Gates
Alexander Hamilton
General Sir William Howe
John Jay
Henry Knox
James Madison
Charles Lee
Henry Lee
Edmund Randolph
Francis Marion
George Mason
Roger Sherman
Daniel Morgan
James Wilson
Mercy Otis Warren
Admiral Lord Richard Howe
Baron Friedrich Wilhelm von Steuben

Record the birth, death, and colony they are from. Also record their role in history during this period and what side they were on. Record any things you find interesting about these people and your opinions on them. Write down any thoughts on their character and what you can learn from them. Make sure to record the dates of importance in their lives.
Biographies to record

John Paul Jones
King George III
Nathan Hale
Lafayette
Benedict Arnold
Lord Cornwallis

Fill in biography papers for the people listed and write a final biography for your notebook.  *this will count for L.A. as writing and grammar

Here are additional links that may be helpful in completing the notebook.
Samuel Adams the Rights of the Colonist
The American Revolution
The Battle of Lexington and Concord
The Battle of Brooklyn
Common Sense by Thomas Paine
Causes and Necessity of taking up Arms
The Declaration of Independence

Ongoing Activities – timeline, colonies map to include battlefields, colony, and important settlements.

Week 1 Activities –
Read aloud –
The American Revolution for Kids
Kids read – Boston Revolts
In protest of the taxes many people boycotted goods from the British. Instead of buying the goods they started making their own.
Craft – weave a pot holder, dip candles, and make a candlestick Directions found in American Kids in History Colonial Days * science could be incorporated by studying fire and the chemical reaction involved in making candles.

We learned that Samuel Adams was a brewer before becoming involved in the Revolution.
Craft – brew a batch of root beer. Directions found in The American Revolution for Kids

Week 2 Activities –
Read aloud – The American Revolution for Kids
Kids read – Boston Massacre
Make a poster to tell about what happened on March 5, 1770 *art

Week 3 Activities –
Read aloud – John Adams and the American Revolution

Did you know that the best speed to get from one place to another was by a horse drawn coach or sailing ship at 10 mph? Use a map to determine some distances. Then figure out how long it would have taken you to go that distance. You take the total miles and divide it by 10 to find out the time. *math connection

Work on notebooks.

Week 4 Activities –
Read aloudAmerican Revolution and Early Thunder
Kids read King George III: English Monarch
Crafts – make a tricorn hat; make a fringed hunting shirt (directions found in the American Revolution for Kids) * life skills (sewing) and art
Copy work – Famous Quotes – encourage them to record their thoughts on these quotes *handwriting

John Adams – “You and I ought not to die before we have explained ourselves to each other.”

Samuel Adams – “if we suffer tamely a lawless attack upon our liberty, we encourage it, and involve others in our doom.”

“It does not require a majority to prevail, but rather an irate, tireless minority keen to set brush fires in people’s minds”

“The liberties of our country, the freedom of our civil Constitution, are worth defending at all hazards; and it is our duty to defend them against all attacks. We have received them as a fair inheritance from our worthy ancestors: they purchased them for us with toil and danger and expense of treasure and blood, and transmitted them to us with care and diligence. It will bring an everlasting mark of infamy on the present generation, enlightened as it is, if we should suffer them to be wrested from us by violence without a struggle, or to be cheated out of them by the artifices of false and designing men.”

” If ever a time should come, when vain and aspiring men shall possess the highest seats in Government, our country will stand in need of its experienced patriots to prevent its ruin.”

“A general dissolution of the principles and manners will more surely overthrow the liberties of America than the whole force of the common enemy…. While the people are virtuous they cannot be subdued; but once they lose their virtue, they will be ready to surrender their liberties to the first external or internal invader…. If virtue and knowledge are diffused among the people, they will never be enslaved. This will be their great security.”

Week 5 Activities –
Read aloudBoys of 76: A History of the Battles of the Revolution
Kids readAmerica’s Paul Revere
Crafts – Create a powder horn; sew a pouch, (directions found in The American Revolution for Kids)* life skills (sewing) and science if you learn about gun powder and how it works.

After the kids have made these things, have them see if they could have been minutemen. Have them get dressed with the tricorn hat, fringed shirt, powder horn, pouch, and a stick for a gun.

Week 6 Activities –
Read aloudGeorge Washington and the Founding of a Nation
Kids ReadGeorge Washington, Soldier, Hero, and President and Leader by Destiny
Craft – Make a diorama of one of the events of George Washington’s life during the Revolution * art
Copy work – Famous Quotes from George Washington *handwriting “We should not look back unless it is to derive useful lessons from past errors, and for the purpose of profiting by dearly bought experience.”

” A government is like fire, a handy servant, but a dangerous master.”

“Happiness and moral duty are inseparably connected.”

“It is far better to be alone, than to be in bad company.”

“The time is near at hand which must determine whether Americans are to be free men or slaves.”

” If the freedom of speech is taken away then dumb and silent we may be led, like sheep to the slaughter.”

Week 7 Activities –
Read AloudWinter of Red Snow
Kids Read – Guns for General Washington, Silver for General Washington, Yankee Doodle Boy
Crafts – Make hardtrack. This was a food that was common for the soldiers at Valley Forge. To make add water to flour to make soft dough knead 10 min. roll out to ½ in thickness then cut with a biscuit cutter. Prick each with a fork. Bake 7 min. at 450

Soldiers had to carry everything they needed with them plus their weapon and ammo. To get a taste of what it was like pack a backpack with the supplies you think you would need and then put on your minutemen outfit. Then go for a hike somewhere. Remember they didn’t have paved even roads or sidewalks back then. How did it feel? Now imagine it was winter time and you had little food and your clothes were in disrepair. How do you think you’d feel? What is your opinion of the soldiers of Valley Forge? Why do you think they stayed the course when it would have been so much easier for them to give up?

Learn about how a musket works. *science connection

Complete this maze.

Week 8 Activities –
Read aloud Annie Henry and the Secret Mission
Kids Read Spy, Ethan Allen and the Green Mountain Boys
Crafts– Hidden message to make invisible ink use 4 drops of onion juice, 4 drops of lemon juice, and a pinch of sugar. Use this to write a message out when it dries hold the message over a light bulb to read. * science

Make natural berry red ink and a quill pen (directions can be found Colonial Days)

Week 9 Activities –
Read aloud Benjamin Franklin’s Adventures with Electricity
Kids ReadBen Franklin, Young Printer Benjamin Franklin the Autobiography Benjamin Franklin
Copy work – Famous quotes from Benjamin Franklin *handwriting
“A penny saved is a penny earned.”
“A place for everything, everything in its place.”
“An investment in knowledge pays the best interest.”
“Anyone who trades liberty for security deserves neither liberty nor security.”
“Being ignorant is not so much a shame, as being unwilling to learn.”
“By failing to prepare, you are preparing to fail.”
“Diligence is the mother of good luck.”
“I didn’t fail the test; I just found 100 ways to do it wrong.”
“Work as if you were to live a hundred years. Pray as if you were to die tomorrow.”
Activity – research about newspapers during colonial times and then put together a newspaper page of your own complete with articles, advertising, and obituaries. *L.A. writing and grammar connection

Week 10 Activities –
Read aloudJohn Paul Jones, Fighting Sailor
Activities – Find out about the submarine the Turtle. *science
Build a model of the Bonhomme Richard.
How did they measure the height of a tree to see if it was the length they needed? You can find out how they did it in the Colonial Times book. *math

Week 11 Activities –
Read aloud
Nathan Hale
Kids Read Lafayette: French Freedom Fighter
Copy work – Patrick Henry’s speech Give me Liberty or give me death.*handwriting
Continue to work on projects that aren’t finished

Week 12 Activities –
Read aloud
Traitor: The Case of Benedict Arnold
Activities – Venn diagram comparison of Judas and Benedict Arnold *Bible lesson on Judas

Week 13 Activities
Kids Read – Lord Cornwallis, Betsy Ross
Activities – Be a Betsy Ross – found in The American Revolution for Kids * art

Week 14 Activities-
Finding out more about colonial life – read through Colonial Times.
Do sundial, herb garden, jack wax, play jack straws *some science
Build a paper model of a colonial home and do a day of school the way they did.
Finish up with making a dinner of the time.

Weeks 15-16 Activities –
Activities – venn diagram comparison of british and colonial soldiers. Wrapping up and finishing any projects or activities unfinished.